Terms Made Simple

Equity Term

Early stage

Many US venture capitalists invest first when a company is early stage, which is somewhere between seed stage and growth stage. Companies that are early stage typically have their initial product developed and some...

Equity Term

Common (stock or shares)

When a new North American corporation is formed its founders almost always have common stock. Elsewhere similar shares of stock might be called “ordinary shares” or “voting shares.” It is a security that gives the owner...

Bootstrapping Term


Purchasing used equipment or products – stuff other people bought and maybe used before – at a steep discount to new equipment or products is a classic bootstrapping technique. Sometimes called “pre-owned”...

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